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[E点E滴] 从句中什么时候应该用that?什么时候用who?
语言的提高来自于点滴的积累
That和Who都常见于定语从句中。比如:
Do you know Jack, who lives across the street?
This is the group that goes to the church every Sunday.
这两个词有什么区别呢?

很常见的看法是,who一般是用来指代人,而that用来指代物。不过其实这并不完全准确。
首先,who有时也被用来指代动物,比如:
The dog who ran out three days ago has come back.
这样的用法也是完全可以的。

而that的用法则要更宽泛一些。比如上面的句子改成that完全可以:
The dog that ran out three days ago has come back.
另外比如:
The house that Tom built is jsut across the street.
这里是不能用who的。
更甚至于,that有时还可以用来指代人。
The person that stole my car was arrested yesterday.
虽然这种用法并不常见,但从语法角度来说是完全正确的。 从十一世纪开始已经有这样的用法了。